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Urologic Surgeries and Definitions

Urology is the branch of medicine concerned with diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the urinary tract in both males and females. It also deals with the genital organs in the male.

Circumcision- surgical removal of the skin at the head of the penis.

Cystoscopies – for diagnosis and treatment of the urinary system such as bladder tumors or stones.

Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL) - Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy uses shock waves to break a kidney stone into small pieces that can move easily and pass through the body.

Hernia Repair- surgical repair of an abnormal bulging of internal organs through a weakness in the muscular wall.

Hydrocele- a collection of fluid in a sac. It is often found in the testicle or spermatic cord.

Hydrocelectomy- surgical repair of an open passageway between the abdomen and the scrotum which causes fluid collection around the testicles.

Hypospadius- surgery to repair a birth defect of the male Repair urination tube (urethra). The normal opening is at the tip of the penis but with hypospadius the opening is on the underside of the penis.

Orchiopexy- a surgical procedure where an undescended testicle is brought down into the normal position in the scrotum.

Urinary Stress Incontinence Repair – a weakened pelvic muscle allows the bladder to “drop” and the control of urine is not as effective. The minimally invasive bladder repair is performed to strengthen weakened pelvic muscles.

Vasectomy- removal of segment of the tubes (vas deferens) to cause permanent sterility by preventing the transport of sperm out of the testes. This does not affect a man's ability to achieve orgasm or to ejaculate. There is still a fluid to ejaculate but it contains no sperm.

Vasovasostomy – surgery performed to reverse a vasectomy.

Urinary Stress Incontinence Repair – a weakened pelvic muscle allows the bladder to “drop” and the control of urine is not as effective. The surgical goal of the repair is to strengthen this muscle allowing for increased control of urine flow.

Cystoscopies – for diagnosis and treatment of the urinary system such as bladder tumors or stones.