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Gynecological Procedures and Definitions

Gynecology is a branch of medicine concerned with diseases and conditions affecting women.

Bartholin's Cyst- the Bartholin gland is located at the base of the labia, one on either side of the vagina. Chronic and acute infections can cause inflammation and intense pain. The surgeon may simply drain the abcess or excision of the cyst may be necessary.

Cervical Biopsy and a sample of tissue is removed from the cervix and sent to the pathologist to be examined.

Dilation and Curettage (D & C)- is a surgical procedure where the cervix is dilated and the uterus is scraped and cleaned. Various different reasons exist for performing a D and C. For instance, to follow up on abnormal Pap smears, to treat or diagnose the cause of postmenopausal or irregular bleeding, or to remove retained intrauterine devices.

Endometrium- the mucous membrane lining the uterus that changes in thickness during the menstrual cycle.

Endometrial Ablation- involves the destruction of the endometrial uterine lining. The goal is to stop abnormal uterine bleeding that does not respond to medical treatment.

Endometriosis- the abnormal growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterus.

Hysteroscopy- a procedure that allows direct visualization of the uterine cavity. The purpose is for diagnosis, biopsy and treatment of abnormalities.

Laparoscopy- a diagnostic procedure to examine the interior of the abdomen by means of a telescopic instrument. . LEEP- Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure is the excision of tissue from the cervix following an abnormal pap smear.

Tubal Ligation- a surgical procedure for sterilization. The fallopian tubes can have clips or rings applied or may be cauterized (burned) to prevent an egg from becoming fertilized.  Essure Procedure (www.essure.com) is a new method of permanent birth control.

Urinary Stress Incontinence – see Urology